San Francisco


Nestled in a 19th-century brick warehouse that once served as a power station for San Francisco’s formerly industrial South of Market district, the Michelin-starred Saison feels more like a communal eatery than a place where cultish foodies drop $400 on an 18-to-20-course dinner. A rack of firewood, which doubles as a visual screen for the entrance, looks like a neatened-up version of a woodpile. Bare wood tables offer an unobstructed view into a bright white kitchen lined with polished copper pots. Radio hits from the ’80s and ’90s play at an unobtrusive volume. “Often when you think about Michelin-starred restaurants, it’s for a very formal occasion,” says Jiun Ho, the project’s interior designer. “The whole idea here is more casual. It feels like home,” adds Ho, who also designed the restaurant’s furniture. “You can touch anything.” And you want to: the warm house lights bring out the richness of the textures, from Ho’s walnut tables to the cashmere throws draped over the backs of the chairs—a signature of chef Joshua Skenes’ hospitality.

Back in the spring of 2012, when Skenes began thinking about a concept for the warehouse, he envisioned one big room without the usual divisions between kitchen and dining areas. “I wanted to break down the barriers of the traditional format,” says the chef, who had outgrown Saison’s original space in the Mission District. “The dining room is the kitchen; the kitchen is the dining room. But it’s really neither.” Skenes, who prepares ingredients like wood pigeon over open flames and embers, also wanted a lighting scheme that would cast a warm glow on his food.

The designers had a good shell to work with, thanks to a just-completed renovation by HKS (part of a development that added four stories of apartments over part of the building). But the long, rectangular interior felt cavernous, peaking at 30 feet beneath the gabled roof. Without altering the wood- and steel-supported masonry structure—protected as part of the city’s South End Historic District—the team needed to cut the tall space down to human size.

Using light in tandem with color to create a more intimate scale on the ground, Ho suspended a series of rectangular steel frames from the exposed oak ceiling and fitted each one with movable gimbal fixtures housing LED MR16 lamps. This system acts as a second ceiling by being physically lower, and creates a contrast between bright light and shadow to keep visitors’ attention on one plane, much as a theater’s lighting rig does. As Saison’s primary source of illumination, the LEDs make the structure above the tracks seem to dissolve into the background. A coat of charcoal paint on the ceiling aids the disappearing act.

If Saison is a performance space, the kitchen is no backstage. To make the room pop against the dark void of the dining area, the designers dropped the ceiling to 12 feet, painted it white, and concealed the HVAC equipment, grease traps, and plumbing above the soffit. They also brought the cooks into the dining room by lining up refrigerators along tables and pushing a prep station past the soffit’s edge. Weaving kitchen functions around the tables gives everyone a view of the action, says Michael Gibson, a New York'based architectural consultant on the project. Without preferential spots like a kitchen bar or chef’s table, “there’s no hierarchy,” he says. And since the prep areas, dining room, and bar are each defined by an overhead steel frame with the same LEDs, there’s a spatial balance even as the kitchen’s brightness begs for attention.

The lighting turns each table into an island. Waitstaff reconfigure the seating nightly, based on reservations, and adjust the MR16s to bathe each group in a pool of light. The designers chose full-spectrum LEDs, which render deep reds and violets (hues that have been difficult for manufacturers to perfect) particularly well. “They have a very warm color, and really make the food look fantastic,” says Ho. Each LED is powered by a single chip, which generates a clear, sharp beam. “Wherever you sit, you feel like you’re in your own space within the bigger space,” says Gibson.

In a city where dinner out is a cultural activity, Saison trains its spotlights on the plate and turns eating into a performance.


Formal name of building:

178 Townsend Street, San Francisco, CA 94107

Completion Date:
January 2013

Gross square footage:

Saison Dining Group (Josh Skenes, Chef)

Samaha+Hart Architecture

Interior Designer:
Jiun Ho

Architectural: Michael Gibson

Lighting: Jiun Ho

Kitchen: Tim Harrison

General contractor: Yanscape Construction

Photographer: Bruce Damonte

Renderer: Jiun Ho Inc.

CAD system, project management, or other software used: CAD system



Structural system
Brick, concrete, tell and wood

original, historic brick facade


metal and glass

Metal and glass commercial doors

Hardware: Standard hardware used throughout

Interior finishes
Kitchen: The Saison kitchen is the focal point of the restaurant. It is a custom commercial chef kitchen with an open fire pit and Molteni stove.

Paints and stains: Benjamin Moore

Solid surfacing: dry wall (interior) and historical brick (exterior)

Resilient flooring: Flooring bare concrete

Special interior finishes unique to this project: The entrance has a custom steel frame and that holds firewood for the fit pit as well as sets the design tone for the restaurant

Reception furniture: Reception station in walnut

Fixed seating: Upholstered booths

Chairs: Danish inspired walnut chairs

Tables: The wood used throughout is solid slab walnut with a natural stain. The tables have steel bases. An open kitchen plan is integral to the design of Saison. The chef wanted every guest involved in what was happening in the kitchen so no seat has a back facing the kitchen. A wide hallway for serving was also a requirement. Since no communal dining is allowed for a Michelin two-star restaurant, Jiun created long tables with buffet cabinets and a steel bridge along the table. This innovative construction allows longer tables to turn easily into smaller tables. The cabinets also work as a service station creating a multifunctional and flexible arrangement for service.

Upholstery: Maharam wool blend

Other furniture: The Bar is made out of honed and flamed granite and walnut slab

The design challenge was to find a light source that illuminates the food and creates an exceptional presentation. Soraa has the best solutions. It makes the food very appealing and flatters faces. It combines these benefits the technical benefits of an LED.

Interior ambient lighting: Soraa

Downlights: Soraa

Task lighting: Soraa

Exterior: Soraa

Dimming System or other lighting controls: Lutron