Pendleton, Oregon


When St. Anthony Hospital’s new campus opened in rural Pendleton, Oregon, last winter, a local brewer made a special beer for the occasion—the “Hail Mary”—and roughly 3,000 people (in a town of under 17,000 residents) stopped by to check out the new digs. “There was just a sea of people wanting to see it,” says Kari Thorsen, an interior designer at the Seattle office of ZGF, the firm that designed the project. “It’s an amazing community with such a rich history. There’s such pride in the hospital.”

St. Anthony’s bucolic new campus is nestled among 90 acres of gently rolling hills, just off the highway at the edge of town. The L-shaped one-story hospital is attached to a canted two-story medical office building (owned by a private developer). Together they hug a “healing garden” to the west, lined with small boulders collected from a board member’s ranch 10 miles away. Clad in gritty purple-and-green-tinged gray slate and metal panels, the hospital’s unobtrusive design is inspired by the basalt outcroppings dotting the surrounding wheat fields. “We tried to conceal the scale of the building and make it blend into the hillside,” says ZGF designer Craig Rizzo, adding that the hills help shield the steel-frame structure from fierce winds that can reach 70 mph. “It looks as if it’s always been there.”

In the works for over a decade, the $74 million complex is a major upgrade from St. Anthony’s former quarters four miles to the northeast, where the hospital operated for over a century on an increasingly cramped nine-acre parcel across the street from the famous Pendleton Woolen Mills. Founded by the Sisters of St. Francis in 1902—the nuns are said to have supplemented the construction funds by leaving collection jars in the various brothels and saloons in town—St. Anthony underwent numerous expansions and renovations over the years. By the early 2000s, it was clear that building a new hospital would be more economical than continuing to sink money into maintenance. The old campus will be razed this summer.

With 25 inpatient beds in addition to outpatient and emergency services, St. Anthony is a Critical Access facility—the only hospital in a 28-mile radius—and is owned by Catholic Health Initiatives, a nonprofit conglomerate that runs 78 hospitals around the country and has worked with ZGF on numerous projects in the Pacific Northwest. For this project, the client had an unusual request: to keep costs down, the new 105,200-square-foot hospital needed to serve the same number of patients and have the same facilities in half the square footage of the old space.

With a compact footprint, the new hospital is designed to maximize daylight and access to the outdoors while keeping patient travel to a minimum. (In the old labyrinthine hospital, patients were routinely wheeled down several hallways and escorted up and down elevators, just to get from their rooms to the lab and imaging areas. To prevent that, hospital staff asked the architects to confine treatment areas to one level in the new facility.)

Most patients arrive through the main entrance, entering a light-filled double-height atrium and checking in at a leather and Douglas fir–lined reception desk, before taking a seat along the long public corridor, where patients and families can look out into the healing garden while they wait to be called. A private corridor for staff, emergencies, and patients requiring privacy runs parallel, along the opposite, eastern perimeter of the building. Patient-care services are sandwiched between the two hallways.

The more public double-height hallway gradually slopes downward, ending at the entrance to a chapel, which serves as a transition point where the quieter inpatient wing begins, in the northern volume. The chapel, a small square room with textured plaster walls and reclaimed-wood floors, has a band of wraparound 2-foot-tall glazing at floor level, just high enough to give visitors a glimpse of the healing garden while protecting their privacy. “We wanted folks to have a moment to themselves,” says ZGF project manager John Mess. “We were trying to bring in that natural, Western feel with simple materials.”

With a honky-tonk downtown on the National Register of Historic Places, an uninformed visitor walking along Main Street in Pendleton might mistake the architectural vernacular for, say, Texas. The town lives and breathes its pioneering past and has managed to turn it into a successful business: the Pendleton Round-Up, one of the largest rodeos in the U.S., is entering its 104th year. There is also a popular walking tour of Pendleton’s former red-light district, including access to underground tunnels built by Chinese migrant railroad workers in the late 1800s. “We tried to pick up on some of that history, but we didn’t necessarily give the hospital a plate ceiling, wagon wheels, and all that,” says Mess. “You’re getting some of that in the rustic wood, the fabric colors, and in the artwork from the Pacific Northwest, but we tried to incorporate it in a contemporary way.”


Catholic Health Initiatives

ZGF Architects LLP
925 Fourth Avenue, Suite 2400
Seattle, WA 98104
(206) 623-9414
(206) 623-7868

Personnel in architect's firm who should receive special credit:
Allyn Stellmacher, AIA, partner in charge
Dan Huberty, FAIA, partner in charge
John Mess, AIA, project manager
David MacLean, AIA, project architect
Greg Cha Fong, project architect
Craig Rizzo, designer
Barbara Anderson, medical planner
Tammy Felker, AIA, medical planner
Mark Gesigner, medical planner
Kari Thorsen, interior designer
Melissa Eby, furniture designer
Ed Clark, sustainable designer
Ellen Campbell, project team
David Grant, landscape architect

Architect of record:
ZGF Architects LLP

Interior designer:
ZGF Architects LLP

Coughlin Porter Lundeen

Mechanical | Electrical:
AEI Engineers, Inc.

Coughlin Porter Lundeen

Owner's Representative:
The Healthcare Collaborative Group, Inc. / Kirk & Associates

Site Workshop LLC / ZGF Architects LLP

AEI Engineers, Inc. / Pivotal Lighting


Vertical Transport:
Lerch Bates

Dynamic Interior Designs / ZGF Architects LLP

Jan Levine

Lean Design:
Lean Healthcare West / ZGF Architects LLP

General contractor:
Sellen Construction

Benjamin Benschneider
(206) 789-5973


105,200 square feet

Construction Cost:

$45 million

Project Cost:

$74 million

Completion Date:

September 2013



Structural system

Manufacturer of any structural components unique to this project:
Camden Steel
(856) 342-7100

Exterior cladding
Basalite, Katie Hesterberg, (253) 964-5000

Metal Panels:
Morin, (909) 428-3747

Metal/glass curtain wall:
Arcadia, Lawrence Ginsberg, (425) 216-6228

Slate Shingles: Greenstone Slate/ Nu-Lok

Custom Interiors

Moisture barrier:

Curtain wall:


Metal frame:

PPG SolarBan 70


Metal doors:
Assa Abloy

Wood doors:
VT Industries

Sliding doors:

Fire-control doors, security grilles:

Acoustical ceilings:
Armstrong Ceiling Systems, Tim Hamilton, 206-919-0438

Acoustical Plaster:
BASWAphon, Matthew Diaquila, 702-468-9575

Suspension grid:
Armstrong Ceiling Systems, Tim Hamilton, 206-919-0438

Cabinetwork and custom woodwork:
Custom Interiors, Jim Peters, 360-358-5318

Paints and stains:
Sherwin Williams

Wall coverings:
Fabric Wrapped Panels, Carnegie, Kim Gunning, 425-837-1689
Wall Protection, Construction Specialties, Earl Thorgalsen, 425-455-5044
Wallcovering, Walltakers, Vicki Olson, 206-660-4913

Windfall Lumber Gina Matzen, 360-352-2250
Custom Interiors, Jim Peters, 360-358-5318

Plastic laminate:
Formica, Angela Wingert, 513-786-3400
Pointe, Grace Kradin, 360-710-3787
Wilsonart, Hazel Strickon, 206-321-3294
Arborite, Lisa Barrett, NA

Solid surfacing:
Corian, Willis,888-994-5547

Special surfacing:
Pental Quartz, Jennifer Hayden, 206-768-3200

Floor and wall tile:
Patient Room Bathrooms, Tiling Dal Tile, Chuck Hill, 206-767-2265
Public Restrooms, Tiling, Statements, Jill Reid, 206-762-8181
Cafeteria Accent Tiles, Tiling, Statements, Jill Reid, 206-762-8181

Resilient flooring:
Armstrong Flooring, Kim Shrader, 425-466-2449

Vinyl, Composition:
Mannington, Roberta Dillan, 800-241-2262 x8526

Shaw Contract Group, Susan Maxwell, 206.271.5250

Porcelain Tile:
United Tile Q-Stone, Lisa Anderson 425-251-5290

Patient rooms:
Wieland, Flossie Crowther, 425-357-6984

Reception furniture:
(Family quite rooms):
Integera, Amy Haskell, 425-898-0383
(Public lobby furniture):
Martin Brattrud Steve Shanaman206-467-2600 ,
Cabort Wren, Dale Kepley, 425-482-9142,
(Public lobby waiting):
David Edward, Larry Hartman 206-230-9110

(Public lobby accent tables):
Brent Comber, 604-980-4467 Urban Hardwood, 206-443-8009

Maharam, Vicki Zuber, 415-276-8511
Momentum Group , Claudia Drucker Berg, 206-931-6440
Architex, Stephanie Deshaies, 847-205-1333
Pallas, Megan Zetlmaier, 206-763-4030
Arc Com, Carmela de Grasse, 425-644-5973
Anzea,, Lynne McKinney, 206-937-63060
Knoll, Susan Hansen, 206-624-0174

Versteel, West Coast Industries, Amy Haskell, 425-898-0383

Outdoor furniture:
Landscape Forms, Tim Gish, 800-430-6206 x1319

Other furniture:
Custom Chapel Furniture: 12th Avenue Iron, Inc, Stephen Marks, 206-325-0792

Interior ambient lighting:
Focal Point Blythe von Reckers, 206-436-8845
Vode Blythe von Reckers, 206-436-8845
Niche Modern, 212-777-2101

Gothman, WIIA Blythe von Reckers, 206-436-8845

Task lighting:
Healthcare Lighting

Lumos, 303-733-1220
Litonia Lighting, 800-279-8041

Dimming System or other lighting controls:
Lutron Electronic, 610-282-3800


Kohler, Arri Cook, 800-421-9559

Add any additional building components or special equipment that made a significant contribution to this project:
Arterra, Ginny Scalzo, (425) 456-0055