Record Houses 2007
Stephen Kieran, FAIA, likens his family’s new weekend house on Taylors Island in Maryland to a duck blind, one of those three-sided shelters that hunters build to make themselves disappear in the woods or a marsh. Barklike vertical strips of red cedar clad three elevations of Kieran’s 2,200-square-foot house, camouflaging it on a 4-acre Chesapeake Bay site thick with loblobby pines. While those mostly opaque sides face the surrounding forest, the fourth elevation literally opens to the water—thanks to retractable translucent hangar doors and accordion-folding glass walls that the owners can move to eliminate all separation between indoors and out.
And like a duck blind, the building—which the architect calls the Loblolly House—can be disassembled. Most of its pieces are then recyclable. Concern for the environment has long been essential to the work of KieranTimberlake Associates, Kieran’s Philadelphia-based firm. But in the past few years, the practice has also investigated modular and prefabricated construction with the aim of developing faster, cheaper, and smarter ways of building. “Forty percent of the material in landfills is building debris,” notes Kieran. “If you could take apart a building and sell elements from it on eBay, you could make a difference.”
But most attempts at prefabrication in building construction have failed, he says, due to economics, market perceptions, and peculiarities of the home-building industry. Traditional construction methods have long been less expensive than prefab experiments, and perceived by the public as being of higher quality. In the past few years, though, the costs of on-site construction have soared, while the industry has faced serious quality concerns, says Kieran. At the same time, the quality of factory-built components and consumer interest in prefab have risen.
The one earlier example of successful industrialization in American home building—manufactured houses delivered by truck to sites all over the country—holds no appeal for Kieran and his partner, James Timberlake, FAIA. “You’re stuck with dimensions and limitations determined by highway transportation rules. That’s the death of architecture,” Kieran maintains. “No matter what you do, you always read the single- or double-wide trailer in those homes.”
KieranTimberlake saw the three-story Loblolly House as a system made entirely of off-the-shelf elements and components fabricated off-site to be assembled atop a platform (or “foundation”) of wooden piles sunk into the sandy soil. Key components included so-called “smart cartridges” used to create floors, ceilings, and roof; “dumb cartridges” for the building’s skin; and “blocks” that house bathrooms or mechanical rooms.
Barbara DeGrange and Stephen Kieran
KieranTimberlake Associates LLP
Marguerite Rodgers Ltd.
Bensonwood Homes, Arena Program Management
CAD system, project management, or other software used:
Hardipanel Vertical Siding – Smooth, James Hardee Building Product
Custom fixed and operable wood windows, Artistic Doors & Windows
Custom Fixed windows at bridge, Loewen Windows
Insulated-panel or plastic glazing:
Translucent Multiskin Acrylic Sheets, Deglas
Structural Glass Floor:
Glasswalk Floor System,Innovative Building Products, Inc.
Artistic Doors and Windows
Folding doors @ west wall
Upswinging doors, or other:
Aluminum bi-fold hangar doors @west wall, Wilson Doors
Entry Handset, Double-Hill
Floor and wall tile:
Polished pebbles (anatolia) @ shower, Solistone
Recessed downlights, Lightolier
Wall Luminaire/Surface Compact Fluorescent, We-ef Lighting
Wall-mounted porcelain sinks, Lacava
Tessera Concealed Tank, Carrier & Toilet Bowl, Geberit
“Taboret” Pressure-balancing shower faucet, Kohler
Wall mounted single lever faucet (bathrooms), Lacava
Shogun single lever kitchen faucet, Jado
GE Profile Stainless Side by Side Refigerator
GE Monogram 18” Dishwasher
GE Profile Built in Single convection oven
36” Stainless Steel Gas Cooktop, Thermador
Downdraft Ventilation System, Thermador
Metal Spiral Stair, Duvinage Corporation
Bill Curran Sculpture, Design, Fabrication