The eastern end of Long Island, New York, is famous for Modern houses by Richard Meier, Charles Gwathmey, and Gordon Bunshaft, among others. Each of these architects designed odes to the summer vacation early in their careers, their experiments encouraged by affluent clients and dramatic views characteristic of the area. The East End has been a summer colony since the late-19th century when, notably, McKim, Mead & White were designing Shingle Style cottages here. Stanford White's Montauk Association houses, built in the 1880s according to a site plan by Frederick Law Olmsted, are one famous example.
Montauk, New York's easternmost town, remains the Hamptons' scruffier sister. Its strange mix of high and low combines motels, diners, and beach shacks with Andy Warhol's estate. Rick Scanlon and Alicia Zarou Scanlon, a businessman and art dealer who live in Singapore with their two children, liked this funky juxtaposition. After years of renting in Montauk, they purchased a roughly 3½-acre site on a hill with views of the Atlantic, Lake Montauk, and Gardiners Bay. Then they turned to Bates Masi Architects, a Sag Harbor–based firm, to design a house that would combine the weather-beaten vernacular with Modernism.
The result, which the architects dubbed Genius Loci, is modest on first glance: two cedar-shingled ranch houses connected by a bridge. “We didn't want to be the big house on the top of the hill,” says Paul Masi, one of the firm's principals along with Harry Bates. Neither did the clients. Instead, the 7,000-square-foot house hugs one side of the hill, and its luxuries, of which there are many, reveal themselves slowly.
What appears to be two ranches actually is one wedge-shaped steel and wood-framed volume. Public and private spaces are separated by a 40-foot-long bridge. On the upper level of the main house, the architects placed the kitchen, dining room, and living room in the narrow end of the wedge with views of a meadow leading to the water. They took the traditional gabled roof and set the ridge off-center to focus the view outside. This spatial trick is underscored by floorboards that narrow gradually toward the west.
Masi and his team sank the lower level into the hill for a garage, laundry room, and maid's room. These are connected by a long hallway to a gym, guest room, and playroom. Living on a hill makes privacy an issue when the summer is in full swing, says Masi. Copious glazing in the house is balanced by creative screening, such as the tapered cedar boards that clad the bridge and clerestory windows on the lower level.
Since the Scanlons host numerous guests and parties in the summer, the architects wanted to create moments of discovery, with multiple points of entry to the house and landscape. One of the most dramatic: the bluestone bleacher steps set into the hill underneath the bridge. The surprise reward after the climb up is an expansive view of the meadow and water. Alternatively, from the parking area, visitors can mount another set of stairs to an outdoor fireplace, patio, and entrance.
In designing Genius Loci, Masi and his team thought about what makes Montauk “unexpected,” a word he repeats often about the place and the house. “Montauk has a certain sense of drama to it,” he says, as well as different weather phenomena. “All of a sudden it's socked in with fog, while it's sunny in Amagansett a few miles west.” Masi, 40, grew up on Long Island, and his parents have owned a kit house with no insulation in Montauk since 1965. Bates, 85, spent 10 years with Skidmore, Owings & Merrill before establishing his own firm in New York City. He moved the firm to Southampton in 1980.
Masi worked for Richard Meier after college and began working for Bates while he was still at the Harvard Graduate School of Design. He moved to Amagansett in 1998 to work for the firm full-time and became a partner in 2000. The firm's 10-person office focuses primarily on regional residential projects.
A rainy day didn't seem to temper Masi's enthusiasm for the town as he drove around the deserted marina in his sand-filled SUV, pointing out Ditch Plains, the scrappy beach famous for its surfing waves. “Besides choosing Bates Masi because of another house of theirs we saw, Paul is a local,” says Alicia Scanlon. “He'll put on his wetsuit on January 15 and go surfing. He gets it. He loves Montauk. I think that's ultimately why we chose the firm.” Scanlon, drawn back to Montauk because of her memories of childhood summers there, says, “The architects positioned the house so thoughtfully and cared about the views from all different angles and rooms. When I first walked into the house, I started to cry.”
Completion Date: July 2011
Size: 7,000 square feet
Total construction cost: Private
Owner: Rick and Alicia Scanlon
Personnel in architect's firm who should receive special credit:
Interior designer: Bates Masi Architects with Victoria Pryor and Alicia Scanlon
Engineer(s): Steven L. Maresca
Lighting: Bates Masi Architects
General contractor: Davis Builders, Paul and Paulette Davis
CAD system, project management, or other software used:
Metal Panels: Custom fabricated blackened stainless steel metalwork
Rainscreen: (under overhangs) Benjamin Obdyke Homeslicker under White Oak Siding
Wood: Patinaed White Oak shiplap siding-Old American Lumber, Western Red Cedar Shake siding
Moisture barrier: Grace Construction Products
Tile/shingles: Western Red Cedar Shake siding
Sliding doors: Arcadia
Pulls: integrated cabinet pulls
Cabinetwork and custom woodwork: Custom Cabinetry Ciuffo Cabinetry
Paints and stains: Benjamin Moore
Solid surfacing: Corian countertops w/ integrated sinks
Special surfacing: Stainless Steel countertops w/ integrated sinks
Floor and wall tile: Ann Sacks-Kids Bath, Guest Rooms, Gym Bath. Stone Source in Master Bathroom
Special interior finishes unique to this project: Wood flooring- white oak
Art: Raphael Mazzucco, Walter Iooss
Outdoor Furniture: Paola Lenti through Karkula, Tucci/Walters Wicker umbrellas
Upholstery: Elizabeth Dow at custom built-in couch
Ceiling Fans: Modern Fan Co
Exterior: Vista Pro, B-K, Weaver & Ducre, Wagner
Dimming System or other lighting controls: Lutron, Savant home automation
Photovoltaic system: Ground Mount to be installed
Other unique products that contribute to sustainability: