Lorcan O’Herlihy and Stephen Kanner refer to the checkerboard wall snaking through their Performance Capture Studio (PCS) north of San Francisco as a “strange loop,” a term used in film and other arts to describe something that breaks down the usual hierarchies of time or space and ends up where it started. Often self-referential, strange loops—like M.C. Escher’s famous drawing of two hands drawing each other or movies with story lines that return to the same moment again and again—can fascinate us by relatively simple means.

Due to the size of the PCS project—120,000 square feet in two former aircraft hangars—and the prominence of the client, ImageMovers Digital, the two architects, who run separate firms in Los Angeles, decided to work together. The scale also convinced them that they needed a simple device to orient visitors moving through the two giant buildings. “It’s easy to get lost in spaces this size,” states O’Herlihy. The architects also needed a way of controlling daylight for the hundreds of editors and animators working on computers to turn live-action performances into animation. “Seeing the images and color on their screens is critical to these people’s work, so we had to give each of them a way to control daylight,” explains Kanner.

While O’Herlihy and Kanner had to protect computer screens from glare and light, they wanted to keep the interiors as open as possible and expose the hangars’ bow-truss structure. (The buildings sit on what had been Hamilton Air Base, which closed in 1976 and now provides restored tidal wetlands, and new housing and offices in the renovated hangars.) So the architects developed a flexible system of steel poles hung with powder-coated steel-plate “flags” that can display images of the films the studio is working on. The 11-by-17-inch flags act as a kind of pixelation for the images, which are printed on magnetized vinyl (the same material used for refrigerator magnets) and can easily be attached or detached. Some flags are clad with a corklike material made from recycled plastic, so artists can pin up their work for review. While some flags merge to form a solid surface, others spread apart and swivel so they create a porous boundary. Winding the flag wall along the main circulation route in each of the hangars, the architects established a strong navigational device—a strange loop that takes visitors back to the start and uses images of movies to refer to the work of the people employed in the building. “It’s easy to give people directions,” says O’Herlihy. “You just tell them to follow the flags.”

Directly behind the flag wall, the architects suspended a black-out curtain that is white on the flag side and gray on the other. Cut in 4-foot-wide sections, the curtain allows each worker to control the amount of daylight reaching his or her workstation. O’Herlihy and Kanner didn’t design the workstations but planned the work areas so they are as open as possible. While private offices line parts of the two buildings’ perimeter, the architects enclosed them in floor-to-ceiling glass so sunlight shines through them to the main circulation path and the areas with workstations.

Just as O’Herlihy and Kanner turned horizontal circulation into a design opportunity, they took advantage of stairwells to set off some visual sparks. Fabricated with 3⁄4-inch steel plates and rolled-steel railings, the stairs act as sculptural elements connecting each building’s two floors. And by surrounding each stair with curving wood-panel walls painted a different primary color, the architects provided a welcome contrast to the neutral-toned palette used in the work areas.

While the private offices and open work areas adhere to a no-nonsense aesthetic, a few shared spaces make bolder statements. A second-floor library, for example, sits within the curving embrace of open bookshelves made from the same system of steel poles used for the flag wall. And a stylish presentation room occupies the second floor of an old control tower attached to Hangar 7, the building where most animators and editors work. Hangar 9, on the other hand, houses many of the functionally important but architecturally less glamorous spaces, such as a data center, a theater, and the two-story black box where actors are hooked up to electronic nodes that capture their performances and turn them into animation. With a budget of just $200 a square foot, the architects could afford only a few big moves. So they set a “soft” loop in motion around a darker, more solid core, punched colorful holes in the floor plates, and exposed the archaeology of the existing buildings. As a result, they captured the energy and creativity of filmmaking for people whose job is to make films.


Owner: ImageMovers Digital

Lorcan O’Herlihy Architects (LOHA) / Kanner Architects (KA)

1558 10th Street
Santa Monica, CA 90401
T: (310) 451-5400
F: (310) 451-5440

5709 Mesmer Avenue
Culver City, CA 90230
T: (310) 398-0394
F: (310) 398-2675

Personnel in architect's firm who should receive special credit:
KA: www.kannerarch.com
Stephen Kanner, FAIA (Principal)
Damian LeMons (Project Director)
Mel de Leon
John Hixson
Adriana Molina

LOHA: www.loharchitects.com
Lorcan O’Herlihy, FAIA (Principal)
Donnie Schmidt (Project Director)
Alex Morassut
Sabrina Schmidt-Wetekam
Monica Ream
Claudia Lugo

Architect of record:
Lorcan O’Herlihy Architects / Kanner Architects

Structural: Tipping Mar + Assoc. Structural Engineers

Mechanical/Electrical: ARC Engineering

Landscape: Brian Powell & Associates Landscape Architects

Lighting: Horton Lees Brogden Lighting Design

Acoustical: Veneklasen Assoc.

IT: PlanNet Consulting

A/V: Snader and Assoc / RLS / Diversified Systems

Furniture: Vangard Concept Offices

General contractor: DPR Construction Inc.

Frank Oudeman (646) 298-8400

Nicolas O.S. Marques (310) 451-5400

CAD system, project management, or other software used:
AutoCad, Buzzsaw, Rhino, Adobe



Specialty Areas:
Flag Wall System: Delphi Productions

Stairs: Olson Steel

Openings between floors: DPR Construction Inc.

Structural system: wide flange and composite deck, steel stud and joist system

Glass: .5” glass, frameless

Metal doors at offices: Arcadia

Sliding doors: C.R. Laurence

Locksets: Schlage

Hinges: Ives, Dorma

Pulls: Schlage

Cabinet hardware: Hafele

Interior finishes:
Acoustical ceilings:
Sonex Value Line Acoustical Panels (offices, conf rms)
Knauf Acoustical Liner (MoCap Theater)
Whisper Walls w/ Knoll Fabric

Cabinetwork and custom woodwork: Woodworking Specialties

Wallcoverings: Corrugated Metal

Special surfacing:
Tac-Wall Colored Cork (tackable pin-up surface),
Wilson Art Laminate (openings between floors)

Carpet: Interface

Raised flooring: Haworth

Office furniture and Workstations: Teknion

Reception furniture: Custom by Architect

Custom Conf Rm Table: Moto Art

Upholstery: Knoll

Interior ambient lighting: Bocci, Tivoli

Downlights: Da-Sal Industries, Lightolier

Task lighting: Finelite

Controls: Trane (BAS System)

Elevators/Escalators: Thyssenkrupp

Toto Urinals