Located along a row of utilitarian high-rise buildings on a busy thoroughfare in Chicago's Streeterville neighborhood, one 23-story tower just east of Michigan Avenue stands out: its facade is a lively mix of color, light, and form. Curved glass encloses a ground-level lobby; a sky garden on an upper floor projects beyond the precast-concrete grid that composes the building's facade. Visually, it looks like a set of giant building blocks, piled high by a child'and with good reason.
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The tower is the work of a three-firm architectural team: the Los Angeles office of ZGF Architects, which has an extensive medical-design background; high-rise specialists Solomon Cordwell Buenz of Chicago; and Anderson Mikos Architects, a firm based in Oakbrook Terrace, Illinois, that has worked with the hospital for almost 30 years.
The design team's plan artfully stacks the old hospital's multiplicity of functions on less than 2 acres. It also carries the facade's sense of whimsy indoors, where there are colorful gardens and themed floors'one with a custom Chicago Fire Department truck, complete with insignia, that kids can play in. Given that many of the patients are dealing with life-threatening illnesses or face complicated surgeries, these cheery, well-planned spaces and amenities make the hospital experience less foreboding for children and their families. 'They really wanted a facility for families,' explains ZGF principal Sue Ann Barton. 'This is important, because these kids can sometimes spend months in the hospital.'
Perhaps the signature example of this approach is the 5,000-square-foot sky garden, designed by Boston landscape architect Mikyoung Kim, on the hospital's 11th floor. The space, a glass box that cantilevers 7' feet beyond the main structure, features a sinuous landscape with seating and planted trees, a waterfall, and a small cafeteria. The hospital's Kids Advisory Board came up with the idea for the garden.
'The feedback we were getting from the Kids Advisory Board underscored the importance of having a place where patients could feel the sun,' says ZGF principal Stuart Baur. 'If they can't leave the hospital, they can, at least for one small period of time, get out of the building.'
The building accommodates 288 inpatient beds, a 45-bed ER, and a suite of operating rooms on the sixth and seventh floors connected by dedicated internal stairs. 'They had to be stacked vertically so that they work as one surgery department,' says architect Robert Schaefer of Anderson Mikos.
In addition, dedicated trauma elevators take emergency patients to an ER that's on the second level rather than the ground floor. 'So far, it has been going very, very well,' Barton says of the elevator setup. 'It allowed us to bring the patient from the ambulance to the trauma core of the ER. In the old hospital, you'd have to take them down the hall. It's faster than it used to be.'
Even the lobby is essentially split between two floors. The airy main floor has a maritime theme, with a boat-shaped caf' and a life-size replica of mother and calf whales hanging from the ceiling; the second floor acts as a main street, with a reception desk and connection to the neighboring Prentice Women's Hospital and a parking garage. 'This is like a city,' says Martin Wolf, a design principal at Solomon Cordwell Buenz whose vision helped shape the project.
Despite the building's size and complexity, the architects' thoughtful organization and playful geometry are sure to help take the sting out of hospital stays.
Ann & Robert H. Lurie Children's Hospital of Chicago
ZGF Architects LLP
Solomon Cordwell Buenz
Anderson Mikos Architects, ltd.
Personnel in architect's firm who should receive special credit:
ZGF Architects LLP: Doss Mabe, FAIA, Design Partner; Ted Hyman, FAIA, LEED AP BD+C, Partner in Charge; Stuart Baur, AIA, Project Manager; Sue Ann Barton, AIA, LEED AP BD+C, EDAC, Medical Designer; Hugh Campbell, AIA, Medical Designer; Claudia Styrsky, AIA, Interior Designer
Solomon Cordwell Buenz: Martin Wolf, FAIA, Principal-in-Charge of Design; Mark Frisch, FAIA, LEED AP BD+C, Managing Principal; Brett Boaz, AIA, LEED AP BD+C, Project Manager; David Swain, AIA, LEED AP BD+C, Project Architect; Gene McDonald, AIA, Project Designer
Anderson Mikos Architects, ltd.: Dave Mikos, AIA, Firm Principal; Bob Schaefer, AIA, Senior Project Architect; Jack Martin, AIA, Senior Project Architect
M/e/p engineer - Affiliated Engineers Inc.
Mortenson-Power, Joint Venture
Rise-Morgan, Joint Venture
Nick Merrick, Hedrich Blessing Photographers / 312-491-1101 / Nick Merrick © Hedrich Blessing
Dave Burk, Hedrich Blessing Photographers / 312-491-1101 / Dave Burk © Hedrich Blessing
Pete Eckert, Eckert & Eckert Photography / 503-331-9165 / Pete Eckert © Eckert & Eckert
CAD system, project management, or other software used:
Autodesk Revit, AutoCAD, Autodesk Constructware, Vela Systems, Navisworks
1.25 million square feet
Total construction cost:
Steel Frame w/ concrete slab on metal deck
Metal Panels: Morin Corporation, All American Exterior Solutions, Alpolic, Sobotec Ltd., Architectural Wall Systems
Metal/glass curtain wall: Trainor Glass Company, Kawneer, and Okalux
Precast concrete: Lombard Architectural Precast Products Co.
Moisture barrier: W.R. Grace & Company
Curtain wall: Kawneer, Trainor Glass Company, Tubelite Architectural Systems
Exterior Sheathing: National Gypsum Comany
Built-up roofing: Hot Fluid-Applied Rubberized Asphalt Waterproofing – Henry Company
Elastomeric: Thermoplastic Polyolefin (TPO) Roofing – Carlisle Syntec Incorporated
Metal frame: Technical Glass Products (Tgp), Nissen & Company, Alliance Glass + Metal
Glass: Viracon, Oldcastle Glass, Skyline Design, Rudy Art Glass Studio, Pilkington
Skylights: Super Sky Products, Inc.
Insulated-panel or plastic glazing: Polycarbonate glazing – Palram
Automatic revolving doors – Besam
Metal doors: Ceco
Wood doors: Marshfield Door Systems, Inc.
Fire-control doors, security grilles: The Cookson Company, Inc.
Up swinging doors, other:
Exterior doors – Ives, Von Duprin
Closers: LCN Closers
Actuators: Exterior doors – LCN
Exit devices: Schlage
Security devices: Johnson Controls, Inc
Auto operators: Horton Automatics
Other special hardware:
Acoustical ceilings: ARMSTRONG CEILING SYSTE MS, MDC WALLCOVERINGS
Suspension grid: ARMSTRONG CEILING SYSTEMS
Demountable partitions: Modernfold
Cabinetwork and custom woodwork: Midwest Woodwork & Veneering, Inc., Ameriscan Designs Inc., Imperial Woodworking Company, Central Wisconsin Woodworking Corp.
Paints and stains: Benjamin Moore & Company, Sherwin Williams
Fabric, Vinyl, Linoleum and Custom Graphic Wall Covering: Knoll Textiles, Maharam, Omnova Solutions Inc., Walltalkers, Wolf Gordon, Mdc Wallcoberings, Forbo Linoleum, Inc.
Paneling: Fabric Wrapped Panel: Designtex, Luna Textiles, Carnegie, Gilford Corporation, Architex International, Maharam, Knoll Textiles
Plastic laminate: Wilsonart International, Formica Corporation, Laminart, Pionite Decorative Laminates, Nevamar Decorative Surfaces, Abet Laminati, Liri, Chem Metal
Solid surfacing: Silestone By Consentino, Formica Corporation, Avonite Surfaces, Dupont Corian, Wilsonart International
Special surfacing: Resin Panels: 3-Form, Lumicor, Schneller Inc. - Veritas, Designtex
Floor and wall tile:
Vinyl Composition Tile: Armstrong World Industries, Inc., Mannington Commercial (Corridors, Storage rooms, Break rooms, Staff Lounges, Exam Consultation Rooms, ECHO, PFT, Locker Rooms, Exam Rooms, Ultra-sound, Changing rooms, CT Scan, MRI, PET/CT
Wall Tile: Dal-Tile (Public Restrooms, Commercial Kitchen, CAMP Suite), Pental Granite & Marble (CEO Bathroom), United States Ceramic Tile Company (Servery), American Olean (CAMP Suite Toilet Room)
Floor Tile: Pental Granite & Marble (Public Restrooms, Public Elevator Lobby @ Levels 3-8 and 14-22, CEO bathroom), Dal-Tile (Patient Bathrooms), Crossville Inc. (Camp Suite), Rak Ceramics (Kitchen)
Rubber Sheet Flooring: Gerflor Taraflex, Nora Rubber Flooring
Linoleum: Forbo Linoleum, Inc.
Sheet Vinyl: Armstrong World Industries, Inc., Teknoflor, Mannington Commercial, Allied Tile Manufacturing
Carpet: Shaw Contract Group, Constantine, Atlas Carpet Mills, Inc., Tandus Design – C&A, Patcraft Designweave Commercial
Raised flooring: Tate Access Floors, Inc. (Data Center)
Special interior finishes unique to this project:
Wood Flooring: Teragren Commercial (Gift Shop)
Terrazzo Flooring: John Caretti & Co. (Public Lobbies, Levels 1, 2 11 and 12)
Wood Ceiling: Rulon Company (Chapel Ceiling)
Office furniture: Allsteel
Reception furniture: Lazy Boy Commercial, Weiland, Cumberland, Patrician
Fixed seating: Imperial Woodworking Company
Chairs: Brandrud, Lazy Boy, Patrician, Allsteel, Gunlocke, Versteel, Izzy, Sandler, Paoli, Nemschoff, Spec, Fixtures Furniture, Gressco
Tables: Allsteel, Versteel, Custom Boardroom Table – Tekwood, Cumberland
Upholstery: Maharam, Knoll, Designtex, Arc Com, Sina Pearson, Cf Stinson, Bernhardt, Pallas, Momentum
Other furniture: Gressco, Fixtures, Peter Peppernevers, Doug Mockett, Izzy
Interior ambient lighting:
Task lighting: Alkco Lighting
Dimming System or other lighting controls:
Architectural Dimming System: E.T.C.
Elevators: Otis Elevator Company, H & B Elevator
Escalators: Otis Elevator Company
Public lavatory faucets: Zurn
Patient lavatory faucets: Kohler
Lavatory sinks: Elkay
Kitchen sinks: Kohler
Scrub sinks: Elkay
Service sinks: Kohler
Emergency showers: Guardian Equipment
Emergency showerheads: Guardian Equipment
Emergency eye/face wash: Guardian Equipment
Water closet: Kingston
Low consumption closet flush valve: Zurn
Toilet Seats: Bemis
Mop sinks: Acorn Engineering Company
ADA shower base: Acorn Engineering Company
Bath tub: Kohler
Bath tub spout: Powers
Hand showers: Powers
Shower heads: Zurn
Water coolers: Elkay
Level 08 Psych - Metering faucets: Bradley
Level 12 Child Waiting Area
Specialty sink: Jsg Oceana
Specialty faucet: Toto
Specialty sink controls: Zurn
Energy management or building automation system: Johnson Controls, Inc.
Other unique products that contribute to sustainability
Green Roof: Greengrid
Add any additional building components or special equipment that made a significant contribution to this project
Pneumatic Tube System: Swisslog Translogic
Fire Alarm and Detection: Johnson Controls, Inc., Ge Security
Security: Software House, Hewlett Packard, Nisca, B-Line, Kele, Hid, Altronix, Bosch, Ge, Honeywell, Locknetics, Dsi, Belden, Aten, Onssi, Ergotron, Lg, Chief, Gefen, Panasonic, Transition Networks, Polyphaser, Pelco, Systimax, Andrew, Laird/Antenex, Rohn, Motorola, Proxiguard, Tripp Lite, Winsted,Louroe, Bud Industries, Morse Watchmans, Lantronix
Overhead page system: Bogen, Protech Audio, Radio Design Labls, Rauland, Weidmueller, West Penn
Nurse Call: Rauland, Mohawk, Republic Wire
Pre-Action Fire Suppression System: Fike
Static Uninterruptible Power Supply: Apc By Schneider Electic
Loading Dock Leveler: Kelley
Building Maintenance Equipment: Tractel Ltd. Swingstage
Food Service Equipment Vendor: Stafford Smith, Inc.
Heliport: Heliport Systems Inc.
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